Argentina has submitted two National Communications to the United Nations Frameworks Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), laying out the actions that the government has already taken and the analytical basis for its policy response to climate change, as well as its commitments to take future actions within an official international framework. Most countries in Latin America have currently submitted only one National Communication, with the exception of Mexico (with 3) and Uruguay (with 2).
- The First National Communication (1997) established the National GHG Inventory for the year 1990 and 1994 and described the country’s vulnerability aspects to climate change.
- The Revision of the First National Communication submitted to the UNFCCC in 1999 included a new GHG Inventory for the year 1997.
- The Second National Communication (2007) updated the National GHG Inventory for the year 2000 (agriculture, livestock, land use change and forestry are included in this inventory) and included a revision of the 1990, 1994 and 1997 inventories, identified adaptation and mitigation measures to climate change as well as included vulnerability studies and potential climate scenarios.
The National Program for Climate Change Impacts was created with the purpose of developing a national strategy for the better understanding of Argentina’s vulnerability to climate change impacts and for the development of adaptation measures to climate change. Among its functions is the implementation of studies related to the global climate change impact on the various climates of Argentina, elaboration of national climate change adaptation measures, coordination of climate change actions with other related national programs such as the one for desertification prevention
The National Climate Scenarios Program created in 2005 with the objective to promote, coordinate and realize vulnerability studies of human and natural systems to climatic changes and their capacity to adapt to these changes as well as propose and execute climate change adaptation programs, among other functions.
Source: World Bank Country Notes on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture. Accessed on: 24 May 2010 at http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/LACEXT/0,,contentMDK:...
For additional information and for the complete Argentina - Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture refer to the World Bank Country Notes here.
The Country Notes are a useful tool for organizing in a systematic way the available information on climate change and agriculture in each country. They provide a brief summary of information pertinent to both climate change and agriculture in 19 countries in LAC, with focus on policy developments (action plans and programs), institutional make-up, specific adaptation and mitigation strategies, as well as social aspects and insurance mechanisms to address risk in the sector.