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Support for strengthening climate change adaptation planning for the Federal Republic of Somalia

The project aims to strengthen the national and state level capacity and coordination for climate change adaptation planning and implementation in Somalia. Barriers in effective adaptation include weak institutional coordination and capacity for adaptation planning and implementation at the federal level, a lack of technical, institutional, and managerial capacity for climate change adaptation planning at the state level, and a lack of investment planning and enabling conditions for financing climate change adaptation interventions. The project aims to support the government in overcoming these barriers considering the double challenge Somalia faces - the threats of internal conflict within the region and effects of climate change simultaneously. These unique circumstances require a different approach to addressing climate adaptation priorities, and Somalia’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process must be consistent with these governance challenges with specific attention paid towards the fragility of the country.

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US$ 2,957,213
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The project "Support for Strengthening Climate Change Adaptation Planning for the Federal Republic of Somalia" project is supporting the Government of Somalia to strengthen the national and state level capacity and coordination for climate change adaptation planning and implementation. The project builds on the foundation that was created when the country formulated its National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) in 2013. The project addresses the priorities that were elucidated in the country’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and is consistent with the ratified National Development Plan.  

Somalia is among the most vulnerable countries to climate change in the world. Somalia’s arid and semi-arid lands make up more than 80% of the country’s landmass and are prone to extreme weather conditions including periods of extended drought, highly erratic rainfall, and strong winds. Droughts occur frequently and are often followed by devastating floods. Recent studies indicate that droughts have intensified in terms of their frequency, severity and geospatial coverage over the last 50 years. Flooding and droughts have been identified as the primary climate threats in Somalia’s Nationally Determined Contributions. Climate impacts multiply existing threats to the attainment of food and water security, productive livelihoods, health and human development capabilities of the people of Somalia. Climate impacts also exacerbate conflicts over natural resources and contribute to the challenges posed by large numbers of internally displaced persons. A major factor contributing to vulnerability is the political instability and internecine conflict that has vexed Somalia since 1991. Somalia’s context of fragility requires that climate adaptation is integrated within the process of dealing with crises and addressing governance challenges to contribute to a greater stability.

The project has three primary outcomes focusing on enhancing the national institutional coordination, strengthening capacity for climate change adaptation planning at the national and state level, and strengthening financial planning for climate change adaptation.  Expected results include:

  • Climate change adaptation capacities and interagency coordination at key agencies strengthened; 
  • Tools, methodologies, and information platform to support the NAP process developed; 
  • State climate change adaptation frameworks developed and harmonized with the national framework; 
  • Preliminary climate change adaptation plans formulated at the state level; 
  • Climate change adaptation mainstreamed into institutional and governance support at the state level; 
  • NAP implementation financing plan formulated

The project has been designed to integrate with the ongoing nation building and associated initiatives that aim to strengthen governance and institutions. The project activities are planned in states where UNDP already has ongoing operations in order to avoid potential security related risks.  

 

Project updates 
  • The project supported the establishment of the National Climate Change Coordination Committee (NCCCC) in collaboration with the Directorate of Environment and Climate Change (DOECC) as per the Climate change policy of Somalia. 
  • An institutional review of roles and responsibilities of national institutions has been conducted identifying capacity gaps to effectively adapt to climate change within priority sectors and key ministries. The results inform further project activities such as the capacity development at the Directorate of Environment and Climate Change. Currently, a study is being conducted to clarify and formalize the roles of federal, state, and district governments to improve federal-state coordination on the formulation and implementation of policies, strategies, plans, and programs related to climate change adaptation. 
  • A steering committee was established that will ensure coordination with the 9th National Development Plan (NDP9) Pillar groups and ensure alignment with the national DRR strategy and the Sendai Framework and other relevant programs and initiatives to support the climate change adaptation planning. The Steering Committee consists of government agencies, civil society organizations, state governments, development partners, private sector and others. 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: National institutional coordination and capacity for adaptation planning enhanced.  

Outcome 2: Strengthened capacity for climate change adaptation planning at the state level.  

Outcome 3: Strengthened financial planning for climate change adaptation.

 

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2020 to 2023
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Enabling an effective National Adaptation Plan process for Tajikistan

The overall goal of the project is to establish the institutional arrangements and capacities to develop and execute the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) to further an overarching approach to adaptation planning and implementation in Tajikistan. The NAP process assists the country’s government in mainstreaming climate change adaptation in policy and planning processes at the national and sectoral levels, enhancing capacities to identify key vulnerabilities and develop effective climate change adaptation projects. Successful design and implementation of a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy will result in enhanced adaptive capacity and will improve the country’s ability to mobilize private and public sector finance from domestic and international sources to support a pipeline of adaptation and resilience building activities.

 

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US$ 2,979,428
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The "Enabling an effective National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process for Tajikistan" project supports the Government of Tajikistan to establish the institutional arrangements and capacities to develop and execute National Adaptation Plans to further an overarching approach to adaptation planning and implementation in the country.

Tajikistan has already started to feel the effects of climate change. Temperatures in Tajikistan have consistently increased since the 1930's at an average rate of 0.1˚C/decade. Climate-induced extreme weather events (such as floods, droughts, heatwaves, landslides and avalanches) are expected to increase in both frequency and intensity as a result of warming. Almost one-third of the population lives below the poverty line, which adds significantly to the climate risk vulnerability of a country that is already identified as the most vulnerable among all European and Central Asian countries. Climate change could adversely affect Tajikistan through impacts on social, cultural, economic, and natural resources. The relatively low level of socio-economic development, inadequate infrastructure, and high dependency on climate-sensitive sectors make the country extremely vulnerable to climate-induced extreme events.

The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan has made commitments to confront the challenges of climate change and to implementing the commitments made in its Nationally Determined Contribution. At the national level, to achieve its adaptation goals the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan has developed a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NCCAS), which is a long-term statement of priorities with respect to climate change adaptation.  The current project addresses identified gaps and barriers to implementation and is consistent with the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan’s vision for the NAP process.  

The following results are expected to be delivered through the three outcomes of the project:

  • Committee on Environmental Protection is strengthened as the lead agency and coordinating body for climate change adaptation. 
  • Statistics Agency develops and implements national indicators and reporting methodology for climate change adaptation planning and implementation
  • Climate Change Center knowledge management capabilities are strengthened. 
  • Mainstreaming of climate change adaptation in priority sector planning and regulatory frameworks is advanced. 
  • Priority sector vulnerabilities and adaptation options are identified. 
  • Long-term climate change adaptation capacity development program is established and implemented. 
  • Establish and institutionalize a financing mechanism for the NAP/NCCAS/NDC implementation. 
  • Sub-national capacities for climate change adaptation mainstreaming, planning, and project implementation are enhanced. 
  • Private sector is engaged in climate change adaptation activities at national and sectoral levels. 

 

Project updates 
  • The Steering committee has been established with representation of key national institutions and stakeholders.  
  • The intersectoral working group on integration of climate change adaptation measures into the national planning has been established.  

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: Governance, coordination and institutional arrangements for climate change adaptation planning and implementation strengthened

Outcome 2: Priority sector adaptation plans developed, capacities strengthened, and long-term capacity development program established

Outcome 3: Implementation capacities for climate change adaptation is strengthened.  

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2021 to 2023
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Increasing resilience to climate change impacts in marine and coastal areas along the Gulf of Thailand

The project aims to integrate climate change adaptation into marine and coastal area related planning and budgeting in the Gulf of Thailand with a focus on agriculture, fisheries, and tourism. The project builds on Thailand’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process and focuses thematically on marine and coastal areas and sub-national level adaptation planning. The project’s objectives are to be achieved through three key outcomes: enhancing capacities for climate risk-informed marine and coastal area development planning; strengthening NAP implementation and mainstreaming adaptation in planning and budgeting in marine and coastal areas; and developing financing strategies for climate adaptation. This GCF NAP Readiness project is expected to provide an important contribution to the implementation of Thailand’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP), prepared by the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP), which provides an overarching planning framework for addressing climate change adaptation.  

 

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US$ 3 million
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The project Increasing resilience to climate change impacts in marine and coastal areas along the Gulf of Thailand” is designed to contribute to the implementation of Thailand’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP). The main objective of the project is to integrate climate change adaptation into planning and budgeting for marine and coastal areas. The project aims to address barriers that hinder information, knowledge, and coordination for adaptation planning; technical capacities for integration of risk informed approaches in planning and budgeting; and lack of options to attract financing for climate change adaptation, particularly from the private sector. 

Marine and coastal areas of the Gulf of Thailand are expected to experience significant impacts of climate change, with increase in extreme events, sea-level rise, climate induced erosion, drought, and flooding that affect local tourism, agriculture, fisheries, natural resources and create additional stress on land and water resource management. Vulnerability is heightened due to the dependence on a limited number of economic sectors, namely agriculture and tourism. Due to their low coping capacity, limited awareness of and high exposure to climate change risks and impacts, women, young children, the elderly, the disabled, and economically marginalized social groups are the most affected by unmitigated climate change impacts and fewer income and employment generation opportunities. Therefore, there is a clear need for capacity building in communities, decision-makers, and the private sector to raise awareness about climate change risks and facilitate adaptive development planning.   

The project complements other initiatives supporting the NAP implementation in Thailand. Thailand’s NAP (draft prepared in 2018) identified six key sectors: (1) water management; (2) agriculture and food security; (3) tourism; (4) public health; (5) natural resource management; and (6) human settlement and security. This project will focus on addressing gaps of current support programmes. The project will work towards improving climate-responsive natural resource management through the integrative approach of enhancing adaptation planning and budgeting in key marine and coastal economic sectors, targeting agriculture, fisheries, and tourism. The project will focus on 18 coastal provinces along the Gulf of Thailand. The overall timeline of Thailand’s NAP implementation allows this project to utilize best-practices and information from other interventions, to expand the knowledge-base and regulatory framework, particularly for the sub-national level, and to revise and update Thailand’s NAP.  The following sub-outcomes (outputs) are expected to be delivered by the project:

  • developed knowledge base on climate change impacts, risk, vulnerabilities, and adaptation options in marine and coastal areas, and disseminated information; 
  • enhanced technical capacity for planning, budgeting, and implementation of adaptation;
  • updated and developed NAP monitoring modalities; 
  • participatory review, prioritization, and appraisal of adaptation options for climate-induced hazards affecting marine and coastal areas undertaken; 
  • strengthened institutional coordination for the NAP process; 
  • improved climate-risk informed business development and planning at the provincial, sub-district, and local levels;
  • identified viable options and mechanisms for scaling up adaptation finance, including through public-private partnerships, and drafted financing strategies and concept notes; 
  • facilitated integration of best practices into the NAP process.

 

Project updates 

In addition to the organization of in-person and online inception workshops, the project has conducted climate change impact projections, risk, and vulnerability assessment in 4 selected provinces of 18 coastal provinces namely Rayong, Petchaburi, Surattani and Songkhla. Select criteria of each province have been considered including existing climate risk map assessment results and gross provincial product (GPP). The climate change impact projections focused on key climate threats such as flood, drought, sea level rise, and sea surface temperature Climate risk and vulnerability assessments have been conducted on coastal and marine resources including three key economic sectors - agriculture, fisheries, and tourism. The results of the climate change impact projections, risk and vulnerability assessments are key information to disseminate to public through a climate adaptation platform and geographical information system (GIS) and provides the basis for capacity building and consultations with sub-national government officers and local and other stakeholders. Currently, the platform has been developed and integrating the results of the studies. 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: Enhanced capacity and knowledge to enable climate risk-informed marine and coastal area development planning at the sub-national level;

Outcome 2: Strengthened existing NAP implementation and mainstreamed adaptation in planning and budgeting in marine and coastal areas; 

Outcome 3: Financing strategies for climate change adaptation in marine and coastal areas identified and developed.

 

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2020 to 2024
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Developing a National Adaptation Planning Process in Turkmenistan

The project aims to strengthen Turkmenistan’s adaptive and resiliency capacities to climate change by integrating climate risks and adaptation measures into planning and budgeting processes via the development of a national adaptation process. The project focuses firstly on developing a national coordination mechanism and governance processes for adaptation planning and measures. Secondly, the project aims at strengthening the evidence base within the water sector to provide the information required for effective decision-making as it relates to adaptation planning. Lastly, the project will increase the capacity of those involved, directly and indirectly, in both adaptation planning within the water sector and adaptation planning in general. The project is being implemented both at the national and subnational levels, with subnational activities concentrated around water resources of the City of Ashgabat and the Province of Dashoguz.

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US$ 1,814,767
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The project Developing a National Adaptation Planning Process in Turkmenistanaims to strengthen Turkmenistan’s adaptive and resilience capacities by strengthening institutional framework and evidence base for climate change adaptation including adaptation planning.  

Turkmenistan is vulnerable to climate change due to the steady temperature rise and increasing water deficiency. While the changing climate is impacting the entire economy, the water sector is suffering most acutely. To address these vulnerabilities, the project focuses on water resources at the national level planning and specifically on the water sectors of the City of Ashgabat and at the sub-national level the Province of Dashoguz. The water sector has been selected as the priority issue to start the NAP process due to being both a key sector of economy and a core contributing factor to other national priority sectors. In addition, the project will support the establishment of systems, processes and capabilities to build an effective NAP process. Further sectors such as agriculture, health and urban areas will be gradually added.

The project activities will address the following barriers: (1) An absence of an institutional coordination mechanism for adaption planning and implementation of the Paris Agreement; (2) Insufficient information for developing policies and plans to conduct effective adaptation planning and inform development planning as it relates to water resources; (3) Insufficient capacity of key institutions to conduct adaptation planning; (4) Private sector actors in the agriculture sector are not sufficiently informed about the climate change risks and adaptation opportunities. The project’s results will complement other key foundational measures including Turkmenistan’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), the Third and the Fourth National Communication, and the National Climate Change Strategy

The following results are expected to be delivered under the three outcomes: 

  • The institutional framework to implement the Paris Agreement is established; 
  • A coordination mechanism to implement the adaptation components of the Paris Agreement established and operationalized;
  • Updating of the adaptation components of Turkmenistan’s NDC 2020 supported;
  • Climate risks identified, assessed and prioritized;
  • Entry points for incorporating climate risks into policies and plans related to water resources are identified;
  • Adaptation options identified, budgeted, prioritized and supported by concept notes;
  • The capacity of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection is enhanced;
  • The capacity of water planners is strengthened (at the national level and in Ashgabat and Dashoguz);
  • Private Sector is informed about adaptation challenges, options and opportunities in the water resources sector.

 

In addition to the implementing partner, the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, other project partners include the State Committee for Water Management, Mejlis (Parliament), Ministry of Finance and Economy, Hyakimlik (Municipality) of Dashoguz region, and Hyakimlik (Municipality) of Ashgabat.

Project updates

The project team has started the project implementation by conducting a gender analysis and preparation of the Gender Action Plan to ensure gender mainstreaming in all project activities. Currently, the NAP Baseline Assessment is being conducted including the assessment of public expenditures in adaptation measures and capacity building activities are being carried out to strengthen the coordination mechanisms for the NAP process in Turkmenistan

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: An institutional framework to implement the Paris Agreement established;

Outcome 2The evidence base for adaptation planning in the water sector strengthened;

Outcome 3The capacity for adaptation planning strengthened.

 

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2021 to 2024
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Supporting the foundations for sustainable adaptation planning and financing in Morocco

The project aims to assist Morocco in designing a framework for systematic integration of adaptation needs into development planning. The foundations for sustainable finance and institutional framework for adaptation planning will be established both at the national level and in selected regions. The sub-national activities include development of regional adaptation plans for five regions: Souss Massa, Marrakech Safi, Béni Mellal-Khenifra, Draa Tafilalet and Oriental regions.

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US$ 2,527,221
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Morocco, given its geographical location, climate, and coastline, is highly vulnerable to climate change. The projected impacts by 2050 will significantly affect key productive sectors and infrastructures of the Moroccan economy. Morocco started its national adaptation planning process in 2015 and developed a detailed NAP roadmap. Achieved in 2021, the NAP was formulated to provide an overall medium- and long-term adaptation strategy. The NAP outlines key actions and corresponding strategic objectives and is finalized after several consultations with key stakeholders and formally endorsed by the Government.

The Moroccan Climate Change Policy and the NDC (updated in 2021) outline sectoral adaptation goals and targets and highlight critical cross cutting pillars. Despite the various projects and initiatives on climate change adaptation and climate risk management executed in Morocco, climate change risks and adaptation needs are still not systematically considered in development planning and/or investment decisions, particularly at the regional level.

The project “Supporting the foundations for sustainable adaptation planning and financing in Morocco” builds upon the progress to date and helps operationalize the NAP with a strong focus on the subnational level and translating the strategic objectives into concrete actions. It also links to various initiatives on adaptation and climate risk management implemented in Morocco. In addition to the main project implementing partner the Ministry of Energy Transition and Sustainable Development, the project works with partners in government, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector

The project aims to design a framework for systematic integration of adaptation needs into the country’s development planning building upon the existing foundation for climate change adaptation. The expected results are grouped around the three main outcomes and include: 

  • setting up of coordination and governance structure for adaptation at the national and regional levels; 
  • strengthening national and regional M&E system; 
  • improving communication and awareness on adaptation planning; 
  • mainstreaming gender sensitivity into government’s planning processes;
  • assessing climate risks and vulnerabilities for key sectors in three regions;
  • identifying adaptation options, assessed and prioritized in the three selected regions; 
  • elaborating five regional adaptation plans; 
  • sustainable financing of regional adaptation plans;
  • strengthened private sector engagement and investment potential.

While Morocco has developed and executed various projects and initiatives on climate change adaptation and climate risk management, these were executed through isolated projects and in a piecemeal and disconnected fashion, each tackling a specific issue (water, agriculture, disaster risk, monitoring framework, data, capacity building etc.).

Today, climate change risks and adaptation needs are still not systematically considered when planning development and making investment decisions, particularly at the regional level. Morocco NAP-GCF project aims to design a framework for systematic integration of adaptation needs into the country’s development planning building upon the existing foundation for climate change adaptation.

Such a framework would enable the implementation of high-impact adaptation measures building on strengthened institutional arrangements for adaptation planning, including strategic coherent planning instruments aligned with national priorities and sustainable sources of adaptation finance. 

Project updates

The project inception workshop was held in March 2022 with the participation of all project stakeholders and the annual work plan has been approved including among others the development of guidelines for climate information collection and for climate change risk and vulnerability assessments at the regional level for key sectors (water, agriculture and infrastructure)

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: The institutional framework for adaptation planning is strengthened and awareness is enhanced at national and regional levels.

Outcome 2: Regional adaptation plans (Territorial Plans against Global Warming) formulated for five vulnerable regions in Morocco and integration into regional development and land use plans facilitated. 

Outcome 3: The foundations for sustainable finance for adaptation are strengthened.

 

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2021 to 2024
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Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia

The project builds on Serbia’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) commitments to advance medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia with a National Adaptation Plan (NAP), providing support for iterative improvements to the NDCs under the enhanced transparency framework requirements. The project aims to enable the Government of Serbia to build and strengthen capacities for mainstreaming climate change adaptation, produce actionable climate risk and vulnerability assessments, and implement effective methods, tools and information systems to better inform decision-making on climate risks. Project activities address the main barriers to the integration of climate change adaptation into national, sectorial, and local government planning and budgeting, as well as support the formulation of financing strategies and mechanisms for the scaling up of medium- and long-term adaptation. 

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US$ 2,100,000
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The "Advancing medium and long-term adaptation planning in the Republic of Serbia" project aims to increase the country’s capacity to address its climate change vulnerabilities. The project is proposed in two phases and focuses particularly in the areas related to the agriculture-water management nexus, and the sectors of energy infrastructure, transport infrastructure and construction.

Climate change impacts are already evident in Serbia. The IPCC AR5 has identified southeastern Europe, where Serbia is located, among the most vulnerable regions in terms of exposure to the negative effects of climate change. Climate change is expected to have adverse effects on the intensity and frequency of floods and droughts, and on the quality and quantity of yields of major crops. Serbia’s recent history of floods and natural disasters has shown that rural low-income communities are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change due to heightened water insecurity, increased health risks and reduced agricultural productivity.

The project builds on UNDP support to Serbia in February 2017 that resulted in a stocktaking report and a plan of action to advance the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, validated by representatives of key sectors and the Ministry of Environmental Protection. The stocktaking exercise highlighted the existing weaknesses and demonstrated the prevailing barriers to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction planning in Serbia. The results confirmed that to adequately address climate change vulnerabilities, Serbia must overcome its current information gaps, capacity weaknesses, as well as a general lack of awareness of climate change adaptation – both at the national and sub-national levels. The report further identified that climate change is not integrated into existing policies, or their associated budget priorities. 

The overall goal of the project is to reduce climate change related risks throughout Serbia by strengthening institutional and technical capacities that support integrated climate change adaptation planning and programming. This will be achieved through three outputs and related sub-outcomes across two phases: 

  1. In the first phase, the emphasis is given to the development and setting up of the national mandate and steering mechanism for long-term climate change adaptation and capacity building for effective development of the NAP implementation strategy. The first phase also focuses on improved management of the adaptation related knowledge and data, addressing institutional capacity gaps and needs in specific sub-sectors and at all levels of governance, establishing a system for effective monitoring and reporting on climate change adaptation measures and actions;  
  2. Building on the results and achievements from the first phase, the second project phase will focus on capacity building for setting up a sustainable financing strategy to support medium- and long-term climate change adaptation. Both project phases will be accompanied by a NAP and adaptation engagement and communications plan and concrete measures at both national and local levels.  

In addition to the implementing partner, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management, other project partners include theMinistry of Environmental Protection, Ministries in charge of energy, infrastructure and construction, local self-governments, Standing Conference of Towns and Municipalities, Chambers of Commerce, civil society and others. 

Project updates  
  • “Analysis of available climate and socio-economic information” conducted, establishing the current state-of-play and steps to be undertaken to build and strengthen institutional capacities for climate change adaptation;  
  • “Institutional capacities for climate change adaptation” report conducted, providing an overview on existing capacities and capacity building needs at the national and local self-government levels; 
  • “Existing policy, regulatory and institutional framework report conducted and recommendations on improvement of specific policy and regulatory measures for climate change adaptation prepared; 
  • Reports on the impacts of climate change on key economic sectors such as agriculture and water management nexus, energy sector, construction and roads infrastructure, forestry and health with recommended adaptation measures; 
  • Economic assessment of the damage and losses caused by climate change for local self-governments conducted; 
  • Recommendations for better integration of nature-based solutions into the revised NDCs for Serbia provided; 
  • Representatives of the line ministries and other authorities participated in trainings, online workshops and consultative meetings on climate change adaptation. 
  • A series of press workshops held on the topic of climate change in Serbia, involving more than 500 stakeholders, at national and local levels. 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: National mandate and steering mechanism in place for long-term climate change adaptation  

Outcome 2: NAP implementation strategy developed

Outcome 3: System to monitor progress on adaptation strengthened and financing strategy for medium- and long-term climate change adaptation established. 

 

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2019 to 2023
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Advancing Albania’s planning for medium and long-term adaptation through the development of a National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process

This project is designed to help the Government of Albania increase its capacity to address the country’s climate change vulnerabilities by supporting the development of a national plan for climate change adaptation. The support focuses on 1) strengthening the national mandate, strategy and steering mechanism for assessing and addressing capacity gaps (particularly in the priority sectors of tourism, urban development, agriculture, transport, and energy); 2) develop a NAP Strategy action plan and implementation plan, and 3) develop financing, monitoring and evaluation strategies to ensure that capacities and funding options are institutionalized for the long-term sustainability of adaptation planning beyond the life of the project. 

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US$ 2,997,907
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With the financing from the Green Climate Fund, the project "Advancing Albania’s planning for medium and long-term adaptation through the development of a National Adaptation Planning (NAP) process" will support the Government of Albania to increase its capacity to address the country’s climate change vulnerabilities.

Albania’s primarily rural population is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, where extreme rain events frequently result in destructive flooding, while agricultural livelihoods and drinking water supplies are threatened during dry periods. As temperature rises, climate scenarios predict increased severity and frequency of these extreme wet and dry conditions, along with decreasing total annual rainfall. These changes place Albania’s population at risk and pose a threat among others to the hydropower and tourism industries. 

To address these vulnerabilities, the Government of Albania launched its national adaptation plan (NAP) process in February 2015, with the support of GIZ and UNDP, through consultations with national stakeholders and a stocktaking exercise. A preliminary roadmap for the NAP implementation was formulated and validated by representatives from the Ministry of Tourism and Environment as well as stakeholders from the Inter-ministerial Working Group on Climate Change (IMWGCC). 

The analytical exercises highlighted the existing weaknesses and demonstrated the prevailing barriers to climate change adaptation (CCA) planning in Albania. The results confirmed that in order to adequately address climate change vulnerabilities, Albania must overcome information gaps, vulnerability assessments and climate adaptation planning capacity weaknesses, and a lack of awareness of CCA – both at the national and sub-national levels. In addition, climate change is not integrated into existing environmental and development policies, or their associated budget priorities, and financing appropriations for adaptation are absent. 

The underlying challenge lies in the lack of comprehensive framework for adaptation in Albania. The National Communications provide a preliminary assessment of adaptation priorities and a national NAP Framework Document was developed as part of the NAP preparation and stocktaking process in 2016. To leverage these preliminary activities towards climate resilience, this readiness effort aims to address the weaknesses and barriers identified in the NAP Framework Document.

In September 2021, Albania submitted its National Adaptation Plan, including a comprehensive financing strategy to the UNFCCC. 

The project aims at delivering the following results under the three main outcomes:

  • Strengthen legal and institutional framework and mandate for climate change adaptation work at the national level;
  • Upgrade stocktaking on climate vulnerabilities, adaptation opportunities and development needs and update vulnerability analyses;
  • Address adaptation related capacity gaps at national and subnational levels;
  • Establish long-term adaptation capacity development methodologies to ensure ongoing skills development and increased awareness of climate change adaptation;
  • Formulate NAP Strategy action plan and the accompanying communications plan;
  • Promote CCA integration into existing planning and budgeting and cross-sector coordination;
  • Develop NAP implementation plan;
  • Establish systems to monitor NAP process and adaptation progress;
  • Identify options for securing and scaling up financing for adaptation; develop a financing plan.

 

Project Updates

Following the formal inception workshop in December 2021, together with stakeholders, the project has developed the list of criteria to be utilized for the selection of up to eight municipalities for the development of the climate change adaptation roadmaps as well as to identify the priority sectors for climate change analyses.

UNDP signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Tirana Polytechnic University and Institute of Geosciences to facilitate the cooperation and collaboration in areas of common interest. 

The project also supported the development of a new legal proposal to update the mission of the Institute of Geosciences to include climate change adaptation, as well as the operational manual for the Interministerial Working Group on Climate Change and a draft reporting format for the National Climate Change Committee.

 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1Institutional and capacity gaps assessed and addressed.

Outcome 2: NAP Strategy action plan finalized and implementation plan in place

Outcome 3Strategies for financing as well as for monitoring and evaluation of climate change adaptation in medium- to long-term established

 

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Project Dates: 
2020 to 2024
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Readiness for the National Adaptation Plan Process in Argentina

The project supports the Government of Argentina in establishing the adaptation planning process, identifying gaps, capacity building and integrating climate change into national, regional and local levels. The project facilitates the assessment and reduction of vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change by integrating climate change adaptation into the country's development strategies. 

The scope of the project includes preparation of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) with a regional and multi-sectoral approach and development of a system to monitor and assess adaptation needs and measures under the Law 27250 Minimum Standards for Adaptation and Mitigation to Climate Change (Ley de Presupuestos Mínimos de Adaptación y Mitigación al Cambio Climático). To achieve the proposed outcomes, the project develops a communication strategy on climate change adaptation, carries out a series of studies to identify adaptation options and supports inter-sectoral and inter-jurisdictional collaboration within the framework of the National Cabinet on Climate Change, the Federal Environment Council (COFEMA), and the National System for Comprehensive Risk Management (SINAGIR).

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US$ 2,999,964
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In recent years, Argentina has made decisive progress in planning and implementing measures to adapt to climate change. The National Communications on Climate Change have made valuable contributions in terms of information, diagnosis, and helped identify various information gaps. Within the framework of the National Climate Change Cabinet (NCCC) work, several sectoral initiatives that are directly or indirectly related to climate change adaptation were identified, as well as other information and capacity needs.

This project funded by the Green Climate Fund (GCF) NAP Readiness Programme aims to deepen this work by providing support for the development of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP), and to facilitate the evaluation and reduction of vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change by integrating adaptation to climate change in the development strategies of the country.

The “Readiness for the National Adaptation Plan Process” project was launched in December 2018 to support Argentina’s efforts to assess and reduce climate change vulnerability by integrating climate change adaptation into the country's sustainable development. To achieve this goal, the project aims to build adaptive capacity and resilience and facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular, into development planning processes and strategies within all relevant sectors and at different levels. 

In particular, the project supports the Government of Argentina to (1) establish a national process to coordinate adaptation planning at all relevant scales with a medium and long-term perspective; (2) identify capacity gaps and strengthen capacities for adaptation planning and implementation, integrating adaptation to climate change into national, provincial and municipal development planning processes; (3) support the preparation of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) with a regional and multi-sectoral approach in the framework of the National Climate Change Cabinet; (4) establish a system for monitoring and assessing needs and adaptation measures; (5) design a communication strategy on adaptation to climate change, focusing on the most vulnerable populations and improve climate information services; and (6) support inter-sectoral and interjurisdictional collaboration, within the framework of the National Cabinet on Climate Change.                  

In most of the non-Patagonian Argentina, the average temperature has increased up to half a degree between 1960 and 2010, with smaller increases in the center of the country. These changes have already caused impacts on natural and human systems, and according to the climate projections, the impact will intensify. More frequent and intense rainfall has resulted in more frequent floods; and the dry periods of the winter have become longer in the west and the north of the country. This has adversely affected water availability for some populations, increased the risks for grassland fires and the stress on livestock.

Argentina has committed to articulate actions and initiatives related to adaptation to climate change through a systematic and participatory National Adaptation Plan in its 2016 National Determined Contribution (NDC), and later in its second NDC in 2020. The NDCs and further work implemented within the framework of the National Cabinet on Climate Change have detected various information gaps and sectoral initiatives that are directly or indirectly linked to climate change adaptation. The project focuses on addressing identified gaps, including establishing a baseline for the country's adaptation situation and initiating a participatory planning process. 

The project goals will be achieved through three main outcomes and the corresponding activities. Outcome 1 “Institutional strengthening and coordination for the formulation and implementation of the NAP process” and related activities will support the initiation of the NAP process at the national level within the framework of Law 27250 through an appropriate strategy and the relevant institutional arrangements and support, such as the formalization of the External Advisory Council in consultation among others with representatives of civil society organizations, political parties, academia, and indigenous people. These activities will result in a clear groundwork; a strategy for the NAP process that establishes clear responsibilities for government ministries and departments and specifies key milestones and expected outputs of the NAP process; enhancing coordination and cooperation mechanisms. Following participatory and inclusive approaches with indigenous communities and others, risks and impacts of climate change and approaches to mitigate those risks will be identified and planned. 

The activities under Outcome 2 “Awareness raising and capacity building” include conducting trainings to promote the evaluation, planning and the implementation of adaptation measures. This outcome will build capacities to reduce vulnerability to climate change and facilitate integration of adaptation into development. To date, the Climate Risk Maps Platform was updated and a social perception study on climate change is ongoing to facilitate the elaboration of a communication strategy on adaptation targeting the general public. Progress has been made on strengthening  sub national  climate teams by organizing workshops and training for officials at the subnational level to provide tools for the development of adaptation plans.

Outcome 3 “Baseline definition; formulation of NAPs; implementation, monitoring and reviewing” will result in a broad climate risk analysis helping to identify “adaptation deficits” and assessment of vulnerability at specific planning levels within the national context. Priority risks and needs at the regional level among provincial climate teams have been identified. Currently, adaptation options/measures  are being prioritized made based on their contribution to short- and long-term sustainable socioeconomic development, costs, effectiveness and efficiency. Plans will be formulated at the national and subnational levels. In addition, a strategy for implementing and monitoring the NAP, including priority measures will be developed. To date, progress has been made in generating information to facilitate risk analysis and the identification of adaptation options through various studies, in topics such as transport supply chains and people mobility; regional economies and climate change; social vulnerability to disasters; economic impacts of climate change; health studies and cultural heritage and climate change, among others. The project also supports the elaboration of provincial adaptation plans by hiring individual consultants to strengthen the provincial climate teams.

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: Institutional strengthening and coordination for the formulation and implementation of the NAP process.

Outcome 2: Awareness raising and capacity building.

Outcome 3: Baseline definition, formulation of NAPs, implementation, monitoring and reviewing.

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2019 to 2022
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National Adaptation Plan (NAP) support project for adaptation planning and implementation in Azerbaijan

Financed by the Green Climate Fund (GCF) this project will support the Government of Azerbaijan (GoA) to facilitate the development of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) and improve climate change adaptation (CCA) actions in three priority sectors identified by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (MENR) of the Republic of Azerbaijan through stakeholder consultations: water, agriculture and coastal areas. The NAP readiness support aims to increase climate resilience and adaptation capacity in three priority sectors through the implementation of actions that will reduce or eliminate barriers for an effective adaptation process at the national and local levels. 

The primary beneficiaries from this GCF project include the national government, specifically agencies in the three priority sectors, as well as local communities.

 

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US$ 2.7 million
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The main objective of the “National Adaptation Plan (NAP) support project for adaptation planning and implementation in Azerbaijan” is to increase capacity on climate resilience and adaptation in three priority sectors to reduce or eliminate barriers for an effective adaptation process at the national and local levels.

The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) submitted by Azerbaijan in 2017 highlights the need to “develop relevant adaptation measures for decreasing or minimizing the losses that may occur at national, local and community levels per sector.” The priority sectors were identified as water, agriculture and coastal areas. The expected increase in extreme events on the Caspian Sea coastal areas, such as extremely high waves, strong winds and flooding, make those areas particularly vulnerable to climate change and requires the development of targeted adaptation programmes. The stocktaking exercise in 2017 has identified barriers including: a) Limited access to data including limited data exchange by stakeholders in Azerbaijan; b) Insufficient institutional and technical capacity on climate change adaptation at managerial, expert/practitioners and community levels; c) Limited mainstreaming of adaptation in national, regional, local and sectoral planning, budgeting and regulatory framework; d) Limited institutional coordination; and e) Limited monitoring, evaluation and analysis of past and current programmes on climate change adaptation. 

This project aims to address the identified barriers and improve adaptation planning in Azerbaijan focusing on three main areas:

  • Improve data availability, access and sharing for decision making. The project will establish mechanisms and data solutions to facilitate increased access and sharing of climate and weather information in Azerbaijan, as well as improve the coordination among institutions.
  • Enhance institutional and technical capacity for climate change adaptation in water, agriculture, and coastal areas. Limited institutional and technical capacity hinders not only the mainstreaming of CCA considerations into planning processes, but also the implementation of adaptation actions at the national, regional and local levels. A national gender-sensitive CCA capacity building programme will be developed that addresses the gaps in knowledge and capacity of key stakeholders at all levels: from government decision makers and technical personnel, to local communities and the private sector.
  • Increase mainstreaming of CCA considerations into planning at national, regional, local levels in the priority sectors. An Adaptation Working Group (AWG) will be established at the national level, a body that will coordinate the development of a NAP Roadmap document. Further planned activities to advance mainstreaming include the development and application of tools (manuals, guidelines) for the inclusion of CCA considerations into sectoral planning, the improvement of the legal framework for adaptation in priority sectors (water, coastal areas, agriculture), the screening, appraisal and accounting of adaptation in public and private investments and the development and implementation of a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system for adaptation that is compatible with the Strategic Development Road Maps (SDRM) of Azerbaijan.

 

Project updates
  • Comprehensive assessment of existing and needed climate data and vulnerability studies and supplemental CCA vulnerability studies for priority sectors completed. 
  • Charter for Adaptation Working Group established to coordinate adaptation planning at the national level.
  • Climate Vulnerability Index for the country was developed and is available for use. Gender workplan for the project was developed and is used for the project activities. 
  • Capacity needs assessment for the development of ‘university specialized diplomas and certificates’ for climate change adaptation was conducted. 
  • The process to develop an online climate change platform is initiated. 
  • The analyses of the National Legislation on Climate Change was conducted, and the recommendations are being followed-up, including the preparation of new legal documents
  • The series of capacity building and public awareness workshops/seminars for technical personnel and students were organized in the capital as well as in the different regions of Azerbaijan.
  • The capacity needs assessment for the decision-makers was conducted and policy briefs were prepared accordingly. 

 

 

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: Improved data availability, access, and sharing for decision making

Outcome 2Enhanced institutional and technical capacity for climate change adaptation in water, agricultural and coastal areas

Outcome 3: Increased mainstreaming of climate change adaptation considerations into planning at national, regional, local levels in priority sectors

 

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2020 to 2024
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Formulation and Advancement of the National Adaptation Plans Process of Egypt

The project helps to advance the development of Egypt’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) with the goal of decreasing vulnerability to climate change. This NAP process will help Egypt build climate resilience by improving institutional and technical capacity for climate change adaptation planning, evaluating climate risks, determining adaptation priorities, integrating adaptation into national and sectoral planning and budgeting, and increasing investment in adaptation actions. The project is expected to equip the Government and relevant ministries with an information on climate risks and vulnerabilities and priority adaptation areas, as well as help the government to implement effective adaptation planning

 

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US$ 2,990,115
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Egypt’s landscapes, people, and economy are highly vulnerable to the ongoing impacts of climate change. To address climate change risks in the mid to long-term, Egypt has developed a policy framework underpinned by the 2011 National Adaptation Strategy (NAS), and the country has developed high-level political institutions with the mandate to implement the framework. Established in 2015 under the Prime Ministerial Decree #1912 and chaired by the Prime Minister, the National Council for Climate Change (NCCC) is the body responsible for managing the climate change portfolio at the national level. With this support from the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the Government of Egypt will advance the development of a national adaptation plan (NAP) with the goal of decreasing vulnerability to climate change.

In addition to the key implementing partner, the Ministry of Environment, the project partners include the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation, Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, the Information and Decision Support Center, Cabinet of Ministers and others. 

The project “Formulation and Advancement of the National Adaptation Plans Process of Egypt” started in March 2021 with the main objective to decrease country’s vulnerability to climate change through advancing the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) development. The NAP project aims to help Egypt build climate resilience by improving institutional and technical capacity for climate change adaptation planning, examining climate risks, determining adaptation priorities, integrating adaptation into national and sectoral planning and budgeting, and increasing investment in adaptation actions.

Climate change impacts in Egypt include the rising sea level, extreme weather events such as heat waves, flash floods, heavy precipitation, sand and dust storms, and water scarcity. These complex climate-related challenges will impact agriculture, food security, human health and the national economy. Egypt‘s ability to respond to these impacts is challenged by low technical capacity for adaptation planning and limited information on climate risks and vulnerabilities. To address the risks, the Government of Egypt began a NAP process in May 2015, which resulted in a roadmap for advancing adaptation planning.

The 2017 stocktaking exercise assessed accomplishments since 2015 and identified priority interventions for the NAP process. Based on this assessment, the NAP project focuses on the following outcomes: (1) Strengthening institutional and human capacities to coordinate and manage climate change adaptation planning and implementation; (2) Developing an integrated national climate risk assessment and identifying adaptation priority areas for inclusion in a National Adaptation Plan Framework document; and (3) Integrating adaptation priorities into national planning and budgeting processes. A successful implementation of this project will equip Egypt with the required climate risk information and understanding of priority adaptation areas to enable the government to conduct effective adaptation planning and start integrating climate adaptation into national development planning and budgeting. As a result of project activities improving capacity and climate adaptation governance, national ministries and the Government of Egypt will be empowered to help programs and projects across national and sub-national processes be more climate risk-informed, and climate adaptation indicators will be specifically incorporated into the national development strategy “Egypt Vision 2030”.

 

Expected Key Results and Outputs: 

Outcome 1: Strengthening institutional and human capacities to coordinate and manage climate change adaptation planning and implementation;

Outcome 2: Developing an integrated national climate risk assessment and identifying adaptation priority areas for inclusion in a National Adaptation Plan Framework document; 

Outcome 3Integrating adaptation priorities into national planning and budgeting processes.

 

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2021 to 2025
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