In 2011 the government released the National Climate Change Strategy (2011-2020) which stressed the importance of a comprehensive response to the impacts of climate change, specifically the threat to food security. In 2018 the government aims to release their National Adaptation Plan (NAP) (2020 – 2030), developed with support from the NAP-Ag, and build upon lessons learned through implementing the National Climate Change Strategy.
The NAP-Ag activities in Vietnam are supported the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) and relate to key stakeholders, and aim to mainstream adaptation in the agricultural sectors’ planning processes. Laying a knowledge foundation to promote risk-informed decisionmaking, the program supported the government to undertake a comprehensive stocktacking exercise, as well as risk and vulnerability assessments and mapping, especially of particularly vulnerable areas like northern Viet Nam (landslide affected) and the Mekong Delta (sea level rise and salinization affected). NAP-Ag, furthermore, enabled key stakeholders to enhance their capacity in prioritising adaptation options and is in the process of preparing key documents to inform the design of the agricultural sectors' components of Viet Nam’s updated Nationally Determined Contribution
(NDC) to the Paris Agreement and NAP.
Support with leveraging climate finance
Increased country support in leveraging climate finance for the implementation of climate change adaptation strategies and frameworks in the agricultural sectors.
Provision of guidance on provincial-level adapatation planning
Guidance is being provided to officers on how to prioritise and mainstream climate adaptation measures into provincial-level plans and investment programmes linked to sustainable agriculture and water resource management.
Inter-ministerial dialogue on assessing climate risks
The programme has supported the inception of the national NAP process and an inter-ministerial dialogue on improving the valuation of climate-related impacts and identifying solutions for comprehensive risk management, where the agricultural sectors played a prominent role. Prioritization of adaptation options is a key area of work.
Testing of an adaptation monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system
An adaptation M&E system is being tested, which could be integrated into the information system of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) to monitor MARD investment projects at national and provincial levels.
Finalisation of investment guidelines
The NAP-Ag also seeks to finalise prioritised investment guidelines and programmes in the agricultural sectors.