FORESTS, CLIMATE & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

FORESTS provide the dwelling and livelihood for over 1 billion people – including many indigenous peoples – as well as hosting the largest share the world's biodiversity and providing essential ecosystem services, such as water and carbon storage. Deforestation and forest degradation contribute severely to climate change, currently representing about a fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions.

REDD+ stands for ‘reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks’ in developing countries and refers to the provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to provide financial incentives to forest-based approaches to mitigating climate change. It was specifically endorsed in the Paris Agreement (article 5). REDD+ policies and finance are indispensable to mitigate climate change and set nations and communities in the path for sustainable development. REDD+ represents an innovative approach for sustainable development, offering a gateway for climate finance – a new source of finance for development, under a results-based philosophy.

The work of the UNDP Climate & Forests Team contributes to both SDG 13 (climate action) and SDG 15 (forest ecosystems), addressing their close linkages. When promoting forest and climate policies and investments in countries, UNDP employs a social inclusion approach, wherein effective stakeholder engagement is ensured, the rights of indigenous peoples and forest communities are promoted, gender equality and women’s empowerment principles are mainstreamed, and policy reforms towards more equitable land use and tenure systems are encouraged.

Serving forested developing countries around the world, UNDP Climate & Forests manages or implements a diverse range of initiatives to deliver technical assistance, policy advice and quality assurance to support national and subnational REDD+ readiness, implementation, and financial mechanisms:

  • UN REDD ProgrammeThe United Nations Collaborative Partnership on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (UN-REDD Programme) UNDP is a founding partner of UN-REDD Programme, a UN partnership to support REDD+ in developing countries. The partnership was launched in 2008 and is composed by three UN agencies (FAO, UNEP, UNDP), 65 partner countries and six donor countries. UN-REDD provides technical and financial resources to support countries capacity building, policy design and multi-stakeholder dialogue towards embedding REDD+ actions and results in national development. Read More ...
  • Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF)UNDP is a delivery partner for the FCPF and is currently delivering FCPF Readiness grants in Kenya, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Cambodia and Papua New Guinea, with the Climate and Forests Team playing key roles in technical assistance, policy advice and quality assurance. In addition, UNDP and the FCPF have elaborated joint guidelines on safeguards, stakeholder engagement, disclosure of information and on grievance redress mechanisms for the REDD+ readiness activities. The FCPF supports REDD+ efforts through its Readiness Fund and Carbon Fund, managed by the World Bank. Read More ...
  • Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI)UNDP hosts the Secretariat of CAFI, an initiative and fund to support the implementation of strategic reforms and multi-sectoral investments for the sustainable use of land and natural resources and REDD+ results in the Central African region. CAFI, as a collaborative partnership, gathers 6 Central African countries with high forest cover and a coalition of 7 donors. The CAFI Secretariat supports the CAFI Executive Board, a multi-donor body that concludes agreements with the partner countries and decides on funding allocations to support country-driven national investment frameworks. Read More ...
  • Governor’s Climate and Forests Task Force (GCFTF)  – Launched in 2009 by ten Governors from Brazil, Indonesia, and the U.S., the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCFTF) was designed to advance jurisdiction-wide approaches to REDD+ and low emissions development. The GCFTF now has 38 states and provinces in ten countries, including 35 tropical forest jurisdictions. UNDP is supporting innovative GCFTF tropical forest states and provinces to develop jurisdictional strategies for REDD+ and low emissions development and catalyze transformative financing opportunities. Read More ...
  • The Global Italian initiative on REDD+ National Implementation (GIORNI) is a partnership between UNDP and the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea (IMELS) to support developing countries in their REDD+ efforts, with an emphasis on the private-sector demand-side of commodity production to address the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation. It aims at enhancing, strengthening and accelerating sustainable forest management, REDD+ implementation and REDD+ results. The first three countries to receive support through the partnership are Ecuador, Ghana and Myanmar. Read More ... 
  • National investment programmes for REDD+ results – UNDP Climate & Forests supports countries in their efforts to secure financing for the implementation of their REDD+ strategies or plans, through the negotiation and co-design of large-scale investment projects and results-based payments schemes. The main sources of funding under which this support is provided are the Green Climate Fund, bilateral agreements on REDD+ and other relevant multilateral initiatives. Read more ...